What is a Cubic Yard?
A cubic yard is a measure of volume in cubic yards that is equal to a space measuring 3 feet on each side, or 27 cubic feet. In other words, if you have a container that is one yard long, one yard wide, and one yard high, it will hold one cubic yard of material. This unit of measurement is commonly used in landscaping, construction, and similar industries to calculate the amount of materials like soil, mulch, or gravel needed for a project.
Cubic Yard vs. Square Feet
It's important to note the difference between square feet and cubic yards. While square feet is a measure of area—the size of a flat, twodimensional surface— feet in a cubic yard measure volume, the space an object occupies in three dimensions. If you're working with a quantity of materials that have depth or height in feet, such as soil or gravel, you will need to convert square feet into cubic yards to determine the total volume.
Why Use a Square Feet to Cubic Yards Calculator?
Projects that require you to calculate volume can be tricky, especially if you're working with irregular shapes or a lot of depth. A feet to cubic yards calculator simplifies this process by taking your area measurement in square feet and converting it into cubic yards, so you know how much material you need.
This cubic yard calculator is particularly useful when:
 Ordering mulch for landscaping
 Pouring concrete for a patio
 Filling a garden bed with soil
 Estimating gravel for a driveway
Without a tool like this, you could easily end up ordering too much or too little material, leading to wasted time and money.
How to Convert Square Feet to Cubic Yards
To convert square feet to cubic yards, you need to know not just the area, but also the height or depth of the material you're working with. Here's a simple formula to help you want to convert between these units:
The Formula
To calculate cubic yards from square feet, you can use this formula:
Cubic Yards=(Square Feet×Depth in Feet27)\text{Cubic Yards} = \left(\frac{\text{Square Feet} \times \text{Depth in Feet}}{27}\right)Cubic Yards=(27Square Feet×Depth in Feet)
Example Calculation
Let’s say you're laying mulch in a garden bed that measures 150 square feet, and you want the mulch to be 2 feet deep. Plug your numbers into the formula:
Cubic Yards=(150×227)=11.11 cubic yards\text{Cubic Yards} = \left(\frac{150 \times 2}{27}\right) = 11.11 \, \text{cubic yards}Cubic Yards=(27150×2 )=11.11cubic yards
In this case, you would need about 11.11 use cubic yards of mulch to cover the area.
Breaking Down the Components: Key Terms
Foot (ft)
A foot is a unit of linear measurement equal to 12 inches. When calculating volume, you'll often see lengths or heights measured in feet. To convert inches to feet, divide the number of inches by 12.
Cubic Feet (ft³)
A cubic foot is a unit of volume that measures 1 foot by 1 foot by 1 foot. When calculating large volumes, we often switch from cubic feet to cubic yards (since one cubic yard equals 27 cubic feet).
Depth (or Height)
The depth is the third dimension you need when converting square feet to cubic yards. It's often the thickness or height of the material you're spreading, such as the depth of soil in a garden bed.
Calculate Cubic Yards Using Irregular Shapes
Not all projects involve neatly rectangular or square areas. If your space is circular, triangular, or some other irregular shape, you can still need to calculate cubic yards.
For Rectangular Areas
 Measure the length and width of feet.
 Multiply these two numbers to get the area in square feet.
 Then, multiply by the depth in feet and divide by 27 to get cubic yards.
For Circular Areas
Measure the radius of the circle (half the diameter).
Use the formula: Area=π×radius2\text{Area} = \pi \times \text{radius}^2Area=π×radius2
Multiply the area by the depth and divide by 27 to convert to cubic yards.
For Irregular Areas
For irregular shapes, it’s often best to break the area down into smaller, more regular shapes like rectangles or circles. Calculate the cubic yards for each section, then add them together to get the total.
Using a Cubic Yard Calculator for Different Materials
Different materials require different amounts of volume depending on their density and weight. For example:

Mulch: Lightweight and requires a greater volume to cover a large area.

Gravel: Denser than mulch, so it takes fewer cubic yards to cover the same area.

Soil: The density can vary based on moisture content and compaction.
Using a cubic yard calculator allows you to account for these differences, ensuring you get the right amount for your project.
Common Scenarios for Using a Cubic Yard Calculator

Landscaping Projects: Calculating the cubic yards of mulch, soil, or gravel needed for flower beds, driveways, or walkways.

Concrete Work: Determining how much concrete you'll need for a patio, slab, or foundation based on your area and depth.

Construction: Estimating the amount of fill material required for site work or leveling an area.
Convert Between Units: From Square Feet to Cubic Yards and More
Convert Square Feet to Cubic Inches
For smaller, more detailed projects, you may need to work in cubic inches rather than cubic yards. To do this, simply multiply the cubic yards result by 46,656 (since 1 cubic yard = 46,656 cubic inches).
Convert Cubic Yards to Square Feet
To go in the opposite direction—converting cubic yards to square feet—multiply the number of cubic yards by 27, and then divide by the depth in feet. This will give you the square footage covered by one cubic yard of material.
Factors That Affect Your Calculations
When calculating cubic yards for a project, keep in mind:
 The moisture content of soil or other materials can affect the volume.
 Compaction may reduce the total volume after the material is applied.
 Material shape and distribution: Different materials spread differently (e.g., loose mulch vs. compact gravel).
Conclusion
Accurately converting square feet to cubic feetis essential for projects that require precise amounts of material. By using a cubic yard calculator, you can quickly determine the volume you need for everything from landscaping to construction projects. Whether you’re working with mulch, gravel, or concrete, having the right calculations ensures that your project runs smoothly and costeffectively.